AGHTAMAR

The island Aghtamar was the fame of the Armenian national history and culture. King Gagik Artsruni founded his capital city in the 10th century in this island and the cathedral St. Khach/ cathedral of Holy Cross/ became its glory. The cathedral St. Khach was built by the genius architect Manvel during the 915-921ies.

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ARDAHAN

The fortress of Ardahan is situated in the center of a fenced building, on a high and almost inaccessible rocky hill. The exact time of its construction is unknown. One thing is certain; it has existed since ancient times and was repaired and reinforced during the reign of Bagratuni dynasty.

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ARTSKE

Artske is located on the northern shore of lake Van, on a cape, opposite to a small island. One of the cuneiform inscriptions of Urartian king Rusa II have been preserved in here. In the old times, perhaps it was a fortress. When the water level of Lake Van raised in the X—XIIc., ancient Artske was covered with water.

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ARCHESH

Archesh is located on the northern shore of Lake Van, near the delta of River Archesh; a small river that flows into the lake. At different times Archesh is mentioned as a fortress and as a port. It has existed since the Urartian times. Its name is associated with the name of the Urartian King Argishti II ( about 685 BC).

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ARTAMET

Artamet was on the south-east coast of Lake Van. The town is completely full of fruit orchards, especially apple trees and walnuts. The apple in Artamet has been known all over Armenia. In the vicinity of and around the area, there are some remains of the old fortress, some churches, monasteries and sanctuaries.

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BAGHESH

Baghesh or Bitlis is located in the Aghdznik Region of the Greater Armenia. It corresponds to the main fortress of Salnizor District of the Aghdznik Region, which controls the most accessible natural passageway of Armenian Taurus Mountains - Chorapahak.

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BAYAZET

Daroynk was one of the well-known fortresses of the Greater Armenia- the Bagratunis' city. Later, a new fortress was erected on the site of Daroynk. The semi-traditional history of it is connected to the Ottoman Sultan Bayazet I and was named after the sultan.

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BERKRI

The ancient fortress of Berkri dates back to ancient times, and the historical heritage and ruins of various structures are worth to be mentioned. Of course, the most prominent among them is its fortress.

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ZEYTUN

The center of the Zeytun District was called Zeytun or Ulya. This settlement is located to the north of the city of Sis in Cilicia, between Marash and Hachn, on a plateau deep in the Anti-Taurus Mountains Ridge. Zeytun has fresh air and water.

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IGDIR

The town Igdir corresponds to Tsolakert during the middle ages. There are relatively little information about Igdir. As the center of the province, Igdir had its fortress, about which the European traveler R.G. de Clavijo had given enough information.

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KHARBERD

The fortress of Kharberd (Harpoot) was located on a top of Armenian Taurus ridge. Only its northern and eastern sides had been fenced. At the entrance there are still parts of the fences, double doors; many towers have been destroyed. Some parts of the eastern wall and a tower still stood.

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KHLAT

Khlat is located in the western part of Van Lake, in the high valley. Khlat is one of the oldest settlements of Armenia. Among the historical Khlat monuments caves , dug in rocks, in the vicinity of the city, have been preserved, as well as several towers of the defensive wall alongside of the lake, ruins of various buildings, which are mainly located in the place called “city in ruins”- in the place of the ancient Klat.

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KHOSHAB

Khoshab or Haykaberd Castle is located in the Province Hayots Dzor, near the River Khoshab, near the village of Khek. The tradition says that this is the place where the fight between Hayk and Bell has taken place. Here on the Belsar or Belissar Mount, Hayk wins Belle and disperses his army.

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KARIN

Karin was first known as a fortress city. It’s true, that the ruins of the ancient constructions of Armenian and Roman-Byzantine periods have not been preserved, but the traces of Persian and Arabic fortresses, as well as the relatively well-preserved ruins of the Turkish fortress of later periods, are obvious.

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KARS

Kars became the capital city of Armenia in 928. In 961 the capital city was moved to Ani, and Kars remained the capital of Bagratouni's junior branch - the capital city of Kars or Vanand Feudal Kingdom.

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CHAPAGHJUR

This settlement is known as Chapaghjur, now the Turks call it Bingyol. It is called Chapaghjur because of the many tributaries(branches) of rivers. Like hundreds of other settlements of Armenia, it was considered a village, a settlement, a castle or a fortress at different times.

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MANAZKERT

According to the ancient Armenian tradition, Manazkert (2020 BC) was founded by Hayk Nahapet's son Manavaz and called it by his name- Manavazakert. It is also supposed that Manazkert is the same capital city of Arzaghkun founded in the first half of the 9th century (BC) by the first king of Van -Arame.

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MUSH

The history of the city Mush starts with a deep antiquity. There has been found the cuneiform inscription by the King Menua of Van. The traces of cyclopean castles around the city are obvious. There have been 7 churches in Mush at various times. The city is surrounded by ancient and important historical monuments.

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SIS

Sis was proclaimed the capital city of the Cilician Armenia in 1173. The enrichment and the reinforcement of the city Sis has thoroughlyy been done by King Levon II. Among the monuments of the city; the Palace, founded by King Hetum I, is famous for its magnificent sculptures and marble black columns.

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VAGHARSHAVAN

The fortress of Hasankala of Vagharshavan was known from the Urartian times (IX-VI cc.). There has been preserved a large cuneiform inscription of the Urartian King Menua I, which tells about the construction of a palace. Both the fortress and the city are enclosured.

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VAN

The city Van is located on the shore of Lake Van, on the fruitful field surrounded by vineyards and gardens. The city has its name from the name of Viayna, which meant " The Land of the Via Dynasty."Almost all the Urartian kings have called themselves as " the King of Van."

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VARSHAK MINIRAL WATER

Varshak Mineral water base is located on the right bank of the upper stream of Aratsani and has its own fortress. At the right bank of the River Aratsani is also the major watercourse of Varshak, the chief one-Jermav. The water temperature is very high. According to eyewitnesses, even sheep meat can be cooked here.

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TIGRANAKERT

Tigranakert was built during the reign of Tigran II in 70 (BC) and was called by his name. The ruins of the ancient capital of Armenia are preserved to this day. Tigranakert was a Hellenistic city. The city has had more than 100,000 inhabitants during its flourishing period.

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