OSHAKAN BATTLE

On August 17, 1827 near the village Oshakan there took place a battle between the Persian Prince Abbas –Mirza( there were 30 000 warriors on Persian side) and the Russian General Krasovsky (3000 on the Russian side). General Krasovsky was coming to help the Russian detachment in Etchmiadzin which was surrounded by the Persians.

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ASKERAN BATTLE

In 1806 General Gudovich sent 400 detachment under the leadership of major Karyagin to support Shushi defenders. The detachment was ambushed near Askeran. For 20 days the Russian detachment had been staying on a hill, resisting the attack of 25,000 Persian army without water and food. Perhaps, this was an extraordinary success in the whole history of Russian army.

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MONUMENT OF FRIENDSHIP

In honor of the 150th anniversary of the liberation of the Eastern Armenia from the Persian Army by the Russian army, in 1978 the Memorial of Friendship of the Armenian and Russian Peoples opened in City Abovian. The memorial complex is the largest in Caucasus by its area. A renowned Armenian writer and literary critic Khachatur Abovyan’s face is carved on the entrance to the complex.

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SEV BERD (BLACK FORTRESS)

The round fortress of Gyumri or the Sev Berd( Black Fortress), as the locals name it, was built in 1830-1836. The giant thick walls of black basalt still have a shocking impression on a viewer. The walls of the fortress are so huge that 100 ordnance have been installed on them and 8,000 garrisons have been put inside.

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SHUSHI FORTRESS

On July, 1826, the Persian prince Abbas-Mirza besieged the fortress of Shushi with 80,000 troops. The small Russian garrison (1700 soldiers) under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Reut organizes the defense of the City Shushi with the help of Armenian villagers who are in the castle as well as those who has come from surrounding villages to have shelter in Shushi.

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MONUMENT TO PASKEVICH

I. Paskevich- prominent Russian military leader, Count of Yerevan, honored Viceroy of Warsaw, General-Field marshal in 1829. He was the military teacher of Emperor Nicholas I. In 1826-1828 during the Russian-Persian war, Paskevich was the commander of the Caucasian Front and personally led the capture of Yerevan fortress in 1827, October 1 and liberate Eastern Armenia.

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HILL OF GLORY

Lake Sevan is the largest mountain freshwater lake and the largest one in Transcaucasia surrounded by Pambak, Sevan, Vardenis and Geghama mountain ranges. Before decreasing the the level of the water ( for the industrial purpose in 1949 ), the surface of the water was 1416 sq.km, the maximum depth was 99 m. Now the surface of the lake is 1244 sq.km, the maximum depth is 81 m, the water volume is 39 billion m3.

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PUSHKIN PASS

One of Pushkin’s important journeys is the journey from Moscow to Erzurum in 1829, during which he passed 5200 kilometers. Later on he published his travelling notes in his book “ A Journey to Arzurum”. A part of that journey was dedicated to Armenia which is described with a special attention.

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RUSSIAN CHURCH

St. Astvatsatsin Orthodox Church in Kanaker district has a history of about 150 years. It is located on the picturesque plateau of Kanaker, Yerevan, next to the Russian military station. The church functions and serves not only the military station, but also the orthodox community of Yerevan.

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PAMBAK BATTLE

1804, the cavalry (6000) of Persian garrison in Yerevan surprisingly attacked the Russian detachment(114 person) in Village Spitak. By joining the Armenian volunteers of the village (100 person), the detachment had resisted over the enemy forces for about 18 days.

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