AGARAK

During the excavations in Agarak settlement, the Urartian rock-cut mauseloum of Kingdom Van was discovered. Most probably, the mausoleum concerns to the 8th-7th centuries.

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ARMAVIR

The city of Argishtikhinili (later Armavir) was founded in 776 BC, by the Urartian King Argishti I, on the left bank of the River Araks in the Ararat valley. Argishtikhinili was one of the largest and most luxurious cities in the Urartian kingdom, and many Urartian manuscripts have been preserved, containg a great deal of information about it.

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AZOKH

The cave in the village of Azokh, Artsakh, is one of the most ancient Caucasian settlements of the Stone Age. Old Armenian historians have repeatedly mentioned the Azokh cave. During the Mongol and Tatar attacks, the rulers of Amaras concealed the treasures of Artsakh in here.

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ARTASHAT

Artashes I founded the new capital of Armenia in 166 BC. It was located on 9 hills, in the place of coalescence of the rivers Yeraskh and Metsamor. This site was chosen by Artashes I with the help of the ancient world genius general-Hannibal.

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GARNI

Garni pagan temple and the fortress is located 28 km far from Yerevan. Garni temple is the most famious sight of Armenia. It had a great fame du to its inaccessibility, unique scenery and wonderful climate that's why it was the summer residence of the Armenian kings in 1st century BC. According to historian Movses Khorenatsi (5th century) the fortress was founded in 2167 BC and the temple was founded in the 1st century AD by Tiridate I.

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DVIN

The capital Dvin was built during the reign of King Khosrov Kotak in 335 AD. It became the new capital of Arshakuni/Arsacid/ Armenia. In a short period of time the city's population reached to 100,000. The city had two layers of defensive walls, towers. The city was on the hill, on the top of which was the citadel with adjacent buildings.

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EREBUNI

Erebuni-Yerevan the capital of Armenia, was founded in 782 BC by the King Argishti I of the Kingdom of Van. It is located in the south-eastern part of present-day Yerevan, on the hill called Arin-Berd. It was a magnificent fortress fortified with strong walls. In some places, the three-layer wall kept is of up to 12 meters height. The fortress has a gate with a gradual entrance.

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LCHASHEN

In the 1950s when the level of Lake Sevan decreased several meters, the archaeologists discovered ancient mausoleums on the eastern side of the Lchashen village, Gegharkunik province. Here the city of Ishtikuni was found, mentioned in cuneiforms. It was a developed city, the main evidence of which are the two-wheeled and four-wheeled carts, chariots, silver and gold objects, made in the middle of the 2nd millennium BC.

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KARMIR BLUR

The Karmir Blur Fortress (Teishebaini), which summarizes the entire chronicle of ancient history of Armenia, is in the District Shengavit, Yerevan, near the River Hrazdan. It was built by Urartian King Rusa II in the 6th century. Founding the fortress and taking into consideration a very strategic position of it, Rusa II brought here the part of the property of the pre-urartian settlement and the entire fortune of the Erebuni fortress.

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METSAMOR

Metsamor is the oldest settlement of historic Armenia / the end of the IV millennium and the beginning of the III millennium/. From the beginning of the ΙΙ millennium, it is a developed city occupying 100 hectares. The citadel, with powerful cyclopean walls and a large temple complex with seven sanctuaries, is particularly well excavated. The ziggurate observatory, the oldest in the world, is located on a small hill of the citadel.

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SHENGAVIT

The Shengavit Settlement is an archaeological site and occupies 6 hectares area. During the excavations numerous buildings were found out, including a building with a rectangular plan/layout/, dated to 27-28c BC. There have been found huge wheat siloses near the building area. One of the most exceptional findings is the charmer made from soft stone. The remarkabel thing is the wedge-form/cuneiform/ornaments on the stone. If it is a cuneiform inscription, that means it is the oldest in the Caucasus.

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UGHTASAR

Ughtasar petroglyphs are located about 25 km north of the city Sisian, at an altitude of 3300 m above sea level. The road to leading to that place is difficult and is accessible only in June-September. These rocky testimonies of the Armenian ancestors' artistic thinking are dated approximately to the V-II millenniums BC. They are engraved on more than 1000 quartz.

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TIGRANAKERT (ARTSAKH)

Tigranakert was founded in Artsakh by the King of Armenia-Tigran(II) the Great. It is the only settlement by the name of Tigran, whose place has accurately been clarified and that is still being subjected to archaeological research. As a result of the excavations, a part of the walls of the citadel, the rocky bases of the walls and a part of the basilica of the central part were opened.

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KARAHUNJ

Settlement-observatory/the beginning of the II millennium/, some researchers date it to Neolithic period (the new Stone Age). Giant menhirs, each of them has well-developed holes. The menhirs are placed in circle- the large circle and the small circle in the center. There are also well-preserved stone houses, where the first attempt was made by a neolitian to cover a house with a stone roof.

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Oshakan village

In separate parts of the Didi-Kond hill, located in the center of Oshakan village, monuments of various eras have been revealed. A quadrate castle, with huge stones fastened with mortar, was excavated at the top of the hill/VII-V centuries BC/. There are cellars and residential buildings inside the castle. On the northern slope of the hill and on the foot of it 5 palace complexes were founded/VII c BC/ ,of which only the first and part of the second one are excavated; the latter consists of 40 rooms, halls and temples.

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